Sweet lime is a citrus fruit that comes with health benefits. Sweet Lime also called Mosambi is a small tree up to 8 m (26 ft) in height, with irregular branches and relatively smooth, brownish-grey bark. It has numerous thorns, 15–75 mm (0.59–2.95 in) long. The petioles are narrowly but distinctly winged, and are 8–29 mm (0.31–1.14 in) long. Leaves are compound, with acuminate leaflets 50–170 mm (2.0–6.7 in) long and 28–89 mm (1.1–3.5 in) wide. Flowers are white, 20–30 mm (0.79–1.18 in) wide. Fruits are oval and green, ripening to yellow, with greenish pulp. The pith is white and about 5 mm (0.20 in) thick. Despite the name sweet lime, the fruit is more similar to a greenish orange in appearance.‘Millsweet’ cultivar of limetta in growth.
Sweet Lime grows in tropical and subtropical climates. It begins bearing fruit at 5 to 7 years old, with peak production at 10 to 20 years. It is propagated by seed.
As the name sweet lime suggests, the flavour is sweet and mild but retains the essence of lime. The lime’s taste changes rapidly in contact with air and will turn bitter in a few minutes, but if juiced and drunk rapidly the taste is sweet. The flavor is a bit flatter than most citrus due to its lack of acidity. It can be compared to limeade and pomelo.
Sweet lime is served as juice. It is the most common available citrus juice in the Indian subcontinent.
Like most citrus, the fruit is rich in vitamin C, providing 50 mg per 100 g serving. In Iran it is used to treat influenza and common cold.
The tree is used for ornamental purposes as well as for graft stock.
Benefits of Sweet Lime
- Source of Vitamin C
- Removes Toxins from Body and neutralizes side effects of pollution
- Antioxidants reduce inflammation, regulate the immune system and increase immunity to infections
- Protects against common cold
- Prevents constipation and regulates digestion due to Fiber content