What is passion fruit?
Passion fruit comes from the passion fruit vine, a climbing vine with beautiful flowers. The name passion fruit originated from Christian missionaries who gave the vine its name when they observed that parts of the flowers had a connection to Christian teachings about the resurrection of Christ.
The color of passion fruit is purple or golden yellow. Purple passion fruit is found in places like Brazil, Paraguay, and parts of Argentina.
Today, passion fruit is found in:
- South Africa
- New Zealand
Passion fruit is round in shape and about 3 inches long. It has a thick, waxy rind that becomes wrinkly as the fruit ripens. Inside passion fruit are sacs that are filled with orange-colored juice and small, crunchy seeds. This juice mixture is known as pulp.
What are the health benefits of eating passion fruit?
Passion fruit has immense benefits! It’s low in fat and is a good source of dietary fiber. Just 1 cup of raw, purple passion fruit provides 25 grams of dietary fiber.
Passion fruit is also a good provider of:
- vitamin A
- vitamin C
- B vitamins
According to a study published in the Journal of Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, purple passion fruit reduced cardiovascular risk factors such as systolic blood pressure and fasting blood glucose in people with type 2 diabetes.
A study published found that purple passion fruit peel extract may be an effective alternative treatment for adults with asthma. The study showed that the extract improved wheezing, shortness of breath, and coughs in adults with asthma.
The passion fruit is the fruit of a number of plants in the genus Passiflora.
The passion fruit is so-called because it is one of the many species of passion flower, the English translation of the Latin genus name, Passiflora and may be spelled passion fruit, passion fruit, or passion-fruit.
Appearance and structure
Passion fruits are round or oval. They can be yellow, red, purple, and green. The fruits have a juicy edible center composed of a large number of seeds.
Edible passion fruits can be divided into three main types:
- purple passion fruit
- yellow passion fruit
- giant granadilla
The part of the fruit that is used (eaten) is the pulpy juicy seeds. Passion fruits can also be squeezed to make juice.
Raw passion fruit is 73% water, 22% carbohydrates, 2% protein and 0.7% fat (table). In a 100 gram amount, fresh passion fruit supplies 97 calories, and contains 36% of the Daily Value (DV) of vitamin C, 42% dietary fiber, B vitamins riboflavin (11% DV) and niacin (10% DV), 12% iron and 10% phosphorus (table). No other micronutrients are in significant content.
Several varieties of passionfruit are rich in polyphenol content.