The passion fruit is the fruit of a number of plants in the genus Passiflora.
The passion fruit is so called because it is one of the many [[species]] of [[passion flower]], the English translation of the Latin genus name, Passiflora and may be spelled passion fruit, passion fruit, or passion-fruit.
Appearance and structure
Passion fruits are round or oval. They can be yellow, red, purple, and green. The fruits have a juicy edible center composed of a large number of seeds.
Edible passion fruits can be divided into three main types:
- purple passion fruit
- yellow passion fruit
- giant granadilla
The part of the fruit that is used (eaten) is the pulpy juicy seeds. Passion fruits can also be squeezed to make juice.
Raw passion fruit is 73% water, 22% carbohydrates, 2% protein and 0.7% fat (table). In a 100 gram amount, fresh passion fruit supplies 97 calories, and contains 36% of the Daily Value (DV) of vitamin C, 42% dietary fiber, B vitamins riboflavin (11% DV) and niacin (10% DV), 12% iron and 10% phosphorus (table). No other micronutrients are in significant content.
Several varieties of passionfruit are rich in polyphenol content.